Classified Cars

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Klassifizierungsmethoden[edit]

Government and individual organisations have been developing vehicle classifications systems that are used for various applications, among them regulatory, descriptive and categorisation, among others. Describes common classifications that are used around the world. For example, in a case in the commercial sector, many rent a car operators use the ACRISS Auto Class Code to describe the vehicle sizes, types and features in order to make sure that rent a vehicle operators can adapt the customer's needs to the available vehicle, regardless of the distances between the intermediary and the operator or the language they use.

An overview chart that lists several different ways of classifying vehicles. They are located on the border between cars and motorcycles and are often subject to different rules than ordinary cars, resulting in more relaxing approval and licence procedures. Voiturettes and cycle cars are the forerunners of small cars. Since 1949 Kei cars have been used in Japan.

Example for micro cars and vans: In Europe, the smallest class of vehicle approved as a regular vehicle is referred to as the A-segment or in Europe and the USA as the "city car". United States Environmental Protection Agency has defined this as a " mini compact ", but the concept is not widely used. Equivalent A-segment cars have been manufactured since the early 1920s, but the class gained momentum in the latter part of the decade when the Fiat 500 and BMC Mini were launched.

Example for A-segment / urban cars / mini compact vehicles: Next largest small cars are B-Segment Europe, Super Mini in Great Britain and small cars in the USA. A small car's dimensions are determined by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), as it has a combination internal and load capacity of 85-99 cc ( 2,410-2,800 L)[10], since the EPA's smaller mini-compact class is not so widely used by the general population, A-segment cars in the United States are sometimes referred to as sub-compact cars.

The early super mini cars in Great Britain included the 1977 Ford Fiesta and Vauxhall Chevette. The first local small cars in the United States were the 1970s AMC Gremlin, Chevrolet Vega and Ford Pinto. Example for B-segment / Super mini / small car: The small family/compact cars relate to the tailgates and the shorter limousines and station wagons of similar heights.

For tailgates they are approx. 4,250 mm (167 in) long and for limousines and station wagons they are 4,500 mm (177 in). Compacts have room for five adult and usually have motors between 1.4 and 2.2 liters, but some have motors of up to 2.5 liters.

Example of a small car for families/compact car with hatchback: It corresponds to the EuroNCAP "Small Familiy Cars" series. Australia generally refers to this type of car as small and medium-sized. In Europe this is called the "big family", in the USA it is called the "medium size". It offers space for five grown-ups and a large luggage compartment (boat).

They are more efficient than small family/compact cars and six-cylinder versions are more frequent than smaller vehicles. Vehicle size varies from area to area; in Europe large familiy cars are seldom longer than 4,700 mm (15,4 ft), while in North America, the Middle East and Australasia they can be well over 4,800 mm (15,7 ft).

Example for large families / middle cars: Corresponds to the EuroNCAP Large Familiy Cars group. In Australia these are known as medium-sized cars. It is the most commonly used concept in North America, the Middle East and Australia, where it relates to the biggest available limousines on the aftermarket. Original cars can be well over 4,900 mm (16. 1 ft) long.

Original sized vehicle examples: It can be designed similarly to traditional "off-roaders" or like a combi. This vehicle category, also known as the "People Carrier", is a combination of a five-door single- or two-door tailgate with a small, medium-sized or large vehicle deck, motor and mechanics, vehicle-like operation and reduced consumption, single-body design, front-wheel or all-wheel drives and higher heights than limousine or combination mates.

Designed to offer higher h-point seat, two or three seat arrays, simple accessibility for passengers and freight with large opening tailgates and large tailgate, and reconfigurable internal space with reclining, pushing, dropping, collapsing or folding down seat positions that allow the user to re-prioritize passengers and freight.

Those are deluxe equivalences to medium and small cars. The boot and boot are smaller than those of company cars, only because of their smaller overall area. Example of high-end cars with a small footprint: Corresponds to the EuroNCAP Large Family Cars group. They' re deluxe equals to full-size cars.

The same applies to the biggest tailgates of similar length in this segment, such as the Porsche Panamera. Example for company cars/medium range cars: Corresponds to the EuroNCAP classification "Executive Cars". Utility vehicle (also called utility vehicle or Kombi ) is a motor vehicle with a limousine version whose top extends to the rear over a common passenger/load capacity and is accessible at the rear via a third or fifth hatch (tailgate) instead of a boot cover.

Carrosstyle converts a traditional three-box model into a two-chamber model - with A, as well as C, column and column. Kombi cars can re-configure their inner volumes via foldable backrests, in order to prioritise either the number of passengers or the freight throughput. This is a powerful tailgate built on either small familiy or off-the-shelf super minis with enhanced power, enhanced usability and better looks.

Hotspots are very much in demand in Europe, where tailgates are by far the most prevalent bodyshell styling for this vehicle type. Occasionally initially approved for production-oriented motor racing (touring cars or off-road cars ) and suitable for four or five persons like normal limousines. Example of a sporty limousine/sedan: Example of a sporty limousine/sedan: Example of a sporty car:

Bigger, more efficient and heavy than sport cars, these cars usually have a FR look and seats for four people ( 2+2). They are more costly than sport cars, but not as costly as supersportcars. In general, the word muscular trolley is used to refer to mid-range cars with rear-wheel drives and high-performance supercharged 8 -cylinder motors, usually produced in the USA[19][20] Some interpretations restrict it to two-door models;[21] others, however, contain four-door variants.

Although opinion varies, it is generally acknowledged that classical muscular cars were made in the latter part of the sixties and early seventies. 23 ][24][25][26][26] Muskelautos were also manufactured in Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and other countries. Samples of 1960' and 1970' US model cars: Example of aussie muscular cars:

Example for bangs cars: This is a bodyshell structure with a flexible applicable top for open or closed use. Certain styles have metallic or other rigid roofing material that retracts into the solid. In most cases they are characterised by a high level of floor space and an erect, box-shaped bodyshell shape. Sports tools are usually characterized by a body-frame structure that provides more off-road capabilities with less riding experience and less hassle than a crossover or car-based commercial truck.

Sometimes in some coutries the word "van" may mean a small box body truck designed on the basis of a private automobile (often the Kombi-Modell / Kombi); it also means lightweight truck, which in turn is sometimes built on SUVs or MPVs. Although the concept of "van" is not always the same, it may also mean a small box body truck designed on the basis of a private automobile (often the Kombi-Modell / Kombi). It is also used in the expression "motor home" (or simply "motor home") - similar to a RV in the United States.

The Bakkie is a Southern American umbrella word for lightweight pickups. 39 ]Baquet relates to cars manufactured in Europe at the beginning of 1900. Those wagons had two lines of elevated seating, similar to horse-drawn coaches. 40 ]Buggy A buggy is an automotive machine with tires that extend beyond the bodyshell. Cabriolecoach Normally a two-door coachwork with a specific shape of the top, where a removable fabric covering leads to a large sliding canopy.

Often its front windows are longer than those of an equal limousine and the back cabin is smaller; the ceiling can also be low. The hatchback includes a common occupant and freight capacity, with maximum access via a third or fifth back gate, a typical top hung tailgate and functions such as folding back seat to allow flexing within the common passenger/freight area.

The dual-chamber version of the bodyshell styling features A, as well as bottom and top columns and can contain a D-pillar. Initially a detachable massive cabriolet top; later also a rooftop carriage whose door has no rigid windows, and which is conceived to look like such a cabriolet (sometimes also known as a "Fixed Head Coupé" or FHC). Hearse A modified vehicle (often a estate car), a small van or mini van that is normally used to carry the deaths.

Lanaulet A saloon vehicle with a cabriolet roof covering the interior. Elevator back A wide concept of tailgate merchandising that includes a common occupant and load capacity, with access from the back via a lift-up tailgate. German for the word just means a saloon. A Microvan is a concept for a box-shaped trolley that is smaller than a traditional mini van; often without back door(s).

Used in Japan for Kei car-based transporters. As a rule, passengers are accessed via a slide gate on one side of the train. Elegant luxurious automobile An U.S. automobile rating that describes a strongly stylish, mass-produced, luxurious automobile in which the corporate identity takes precedence over functionality, characteristic of a two-door coupe or cabriolet with two-person or 2+2 seats.

Used today, the concept means just a two-seater stroller cabriolet, a variant of the Syder. Limousine supply Northern US word for a limousine similar to a carriage, but without side window, similar to a box van, but with two door (one on each side) and one or two back door (one on each side), and one or two back door (quote required). Sport Service Van (SUV) Derivation of a pick-up or all-wheel driven limousine, but with fully closed cab interiors and car-like level of upholstery.

Gunbrakes Originally a craft that was used to support gangs of gunners with their gear and play; later to describe tailor-made cars of top body builders, later equivalent to estates or estates; and in modern use a three-door or five-door craft that combines the characteristics of a carriage and a coupe. Kombi A version of a limousine (also known as a Kombi or Kombi) or with a rear opening over a common passenger/load capacity; rear opening through a third or fifth hatch instead of a boot top; variable configuration to accommodate different volumes of passengers or loads; and two or three seat lines - two-chamber with A, B, C and drop-spacer.

Targa Top A Targa Top T-Top A derivation, titled T-Bar Top, this solid top structure has two detachable panelling and maintains a center thin top section along the front to rear axle of the vehicle (e.g. Toyota MR2 Mark I.)Targa Top A semi-varying style used in some sporty cars, with a completely detachable rigid top plate that keeps the A and B2 columns in place on the bodywork.

Stadtwagen (US) Basically the inversion of the Landsaulet, a historic coachwork design in which the front seat was open and the back pocket shut, usually with a detachable lid to conceal the front driver's cab. The Ute is a word initially used in Australia and New Zealand to describe a normally two-wheeled, traditional automobile with a loading space at the back that is integral with the cabin, as distinct from a pick-up where the loading space is not integral with the cabin.

Car registration US concept (mainly USA and Canada). annothera, "annothera", or "annothera", means a truck-based utility car of the type used for both personal and industrial use. Normally a pick-up does not have side window on the back (panel van), although side window is provided for passengers.

Other parts of the globe use the word "van" to describe a car without backlights. It'?s the name for a roofless streetster. Berlinera means limousine in Italic. Berlin, name for a limousine. Berlineretta means sports coupe in Italy. Bruch Frenchska name for a estate car.

The name Camioneta is a Brazilian-Portuguese designation for a combination (especially in the state of Rio de Janeiro). Spaniard word also used in Argentina and Uruguay. The Carrinha Portugese name for a combi. The Furgoneta word is used to describe a delivery truck, in the latter almost always used in its tiny shape feltonetka.

Curgão Portugese alternate expression (less used) for a delivery truck. Is used in Brazil's Portugese, mostly for transporters, but sometimes also for box-type cars. Combi is the short form for "combination wagon" and the English name for Kombis. As Germany is an important automobile manufacturer for many different parts of Europe, the word estate car is also used in this sense in Sweden, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Hungary, Spain, Portugal and Bulgaria.

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